Research and training activities of the team 1

The “Analysis of Movement in Biomechanics, Physiology, and Imaging” team under the direction of Professor Giovanni de Marco studies the motor, affective, and cognitive interrelations that are generated by movement in the Brain-Body-Muscle system in individuals who are healthy (from neonates to the elderly) or who are suffering from a pathology.
This line of research hence covers a broad range of concepts -from theoretical frameworks to models and methods- involving aspects of biology, biomechanics, physiology, and cognitive neurosciences. To address these concepts, this multidisciplinary teams explores functioning of the human body by employing biomechanical devices (e.g. force plates, accelerometers, etc.) and electrophysiological tools (e.g. EMG, TMS, RED) that they couple with MRI, MEG, and EEG brain imaging techniques that thereby allow them to simultaneously analyze, model, and investigate the central and the peripheral nervous system as a dynamic and integrated complex entity.
At the socioeconomic level, the CeRSM collaborates regionally with the Brain and Spinal Cord Institute of the Pitié Salpêtrière (Paris) on a project supported by the ArSLA (see http://www.arsla.org/la-recherche-sla/), and with the Quinze-Vingts (Paris), the Hospitals of Poissy and Cergy-Pontoise, Versailles (Autism project), and Garches Raymond Poincaré in regard to disabilities.
The two teams are also participating in international research projects. For instance, since 2016, a transfer of conceptual and scientific imaging skills has taken place from the CeRSM to the Clinical Research and Imaging Center in Bristol (UK) (http://www.bristol.ac.uk/cricbristol/research/) in partnership with the University of Missouri-Kansas City (US) to develop two projects with MS patients in regard to: 1) a study of physical and mental fatigue and 2) a study of decision making and medication risks.
In terms of training, the researchers of this team participate in two master’s degrees : a Master of Research (PNMEPS) and a Professional Master (APAS)

PNMEPS MASTER DEGREE
By fostering multidisciplinary knowledge (e.g. psychology, behavioral and cognitive neurosciences, neurophysiology, neuro-imaging, physiology, and biomechanics), PNMEPS master’s program promotes an interdisciplinary and cross-sectional approach to psychological and neuroscientific determinants of movement and of human behavior, apprehended in the context of the interaction of affective, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral components of these actions. This master’s program focus on psychological, neuroscientific, and neurophysiological aspects of movement and behavior, seeks to unravel the mechanisms by which cognitive processes are embodied and how the “brain-body-muscle” system is integrated. The acquisition of theoretical knowledge takes place in parallel with a robust methodological training, the aim of which is to provide students with a spectrum of skills that will allow them to engage in experimental research endeavors; either as field work, in a laboratory based setting, or in the health services sector. This training is particularly valuable for students aiming to undertake doctoral studies or who seek to have career as a researcher (e.g. psychologist, neuroscientist, engineer, etc.) in a research institute (e.g. INSERM, CNRS), in tertiary education, or also in a hospital or medical setting.

APAS MASTER DEGREE
The CEP-APAS Master’s degree offers a strong theoretical and methodological framework for students who are seeking to develop knowledge and skills in regard to the conception and assessment of programs of adapted physical activity for people with disabilities. Physical activity is viewed as an effective lever to improve autonomy and quality of life for people with special needs, and this can be promoted by working on mental and physical capacities during the learning and development of new motor and cognitive paradigms through a psychology-based study of emotion-cognition-movement relationships. This this master’s degree is linked on both biological, psychological, and social sciences; as well as techniques devised to analyze human movement, biomechanical, physiological, and psychological measurements and clinical tests. The concept of adaptation to human factors in life and their general applicability is always a central concern when new programs of physical activities are developed, adapted and assessed in regard to the individual, their environment, and their health (i.e. bio-psycho-social) factors. The CEP-APAS Master’s degree is fully connected to a large scientific and institutional network (comprising hospitals, rehabilitation centers, sports associations, etc.) that offers future alumni opportunities for employment and partnerships in the medical establishment (doctors) that now allows prescriptions to be provided to patients (e.g. MS, ALS) so that they can benefit from physical activity sessions and programs that are tailored to their pathologies.

Mis à jour le 22 juin 2017